The worst mental well being in the world is held by British millennials.
Youth depression statistics suggest that in the UK the levels of stress and anxiety in young people are one of the poorest in the world.
Depression is a mental illness that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest in doing any activity. Depression can also cause physical symptoms. Depression can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. Patients may experience problems in day-to-day activities, experiencing loss of reason for living. Depression is not a weakness, it is a condition that can not be controlled, it is a chronic illness that requires long-term treatment. Most people with depression feel better after a drug treatment, psychological counseling, or other treatments.
Depression in young adults has become the most common mental suffering at a community level. A study by the World Health Organization attested that depression affects about 121 million people across the globe. An estimated 3-15% of the general population is estimated to have a depressive episode, of which 0.4-5% are severe depressive episodes. In Europe, out of 1000 adults, 58 have a major depressive disorder (ie 33.4 million people). All these worrying figures have made depression at this time one of the most studied psychiatric conditions.
In almost a quarter of cases, the first depressive episode occurs as a reaction to a negative life event. Afterward, the episodes can be repeated without apparent cause.
Nearly a quarter of young adults have a major depressive episode up to the age of 24, this population group being more exposed than any other at risk of triggering depression. Depression in young adults can have far-reaching negative consequences in the short term – including the deterioration of interpersonal relationships, poor socio-professional functioning and the risk of addiction or consumption of psychoactive substances but also long-term harm to the whole neuropsychological development.
In 2014, other youth depression statistics showed, there was a 1.5% increase in symptoms of anxiety or depression among people aged 16 and over in the UK leading to a percentage of 19.7%. Where in females (22.5%) this percentage was higher than in males (16.8%).
Research shows that women tend to develop depression earlier than men, presenting a risk twice as high as men. This is due in part to hormonal factors (premenstrual syndrome, postpartum depression, and pre-menopausal depression). As for the symptoms of depression, women are more likely than men to experience feelings of guilt, sadness, futility, helplessness, worthlessness, hopelessness, excessive sleep, eating too much and gaining weight. Women are more prone to suffer from depression in the months when their brightness is low.
Men experience low energy, irritability, rage to the point of causing pain to other people and conflict generation. They may experience sleep problems, lose interest in work or hobbies, abuse substance and sex as auto-administered medication. Statistics show that men are at a higher risk of suicide than women because they refuse to ask for help and do not accept feelings of helplessness and despair that they are experiencing.
Depression occurs differently in women and men, in younger and older adults. In order for the problem to be recognized and treated, differences need to be made aware.
Treating depression in young adults can be accomplished through psycho therapeutic or psychiatric interventions, but most often a combination of the two leads to the best results. Before a specific treatment is recommended, a clinician psychiatrist or a psychiatrist should perform a diagnostic assessment through a clinical interview and/or by using diagnostic tools. The purpose of this assessment is to reveal to the specialist the present symptoms, the medical and personal history, the cultural context and the environmental factors of the affected person, in order to make a correct diagnosis, as well as recommendations for the most appropriate therapeutic intervention.
Just sports, changes in diet and holidays are not enough, in most cases, to control long-term depression. However, depression is one of the most treatable mental illnesses: between 80% and 90% of people suffering from depression respond well to treatment, and almost all patients feel a relief of symptoms.
Depression can affect anyone, even people who seem to live in almost ideal life circumstances. By accepting the existence of a medical problem, the patient makes the first step towards healing.
Depressed people need support, understanding, and love from family and friends. Therefore, during recovery, it is very important to collaborate physician and psychologist with the patient’s family.