Seeding Confidence, Motivation and a Positive Attitude in Each Individual
What teaches children in the early years represents more than half than what they will learn during the rest of their lives. Given this information, a proper knowledge of child development becomes more valuable than ever.
Early childhood education is the total of existing and organized individualized and social experiences that the child benefits in the early years of life, with the role of protecting, increasing and developing the human being through physical, psychological, and cultural capacities and acquisitions. It provides the foundation for healthy physical and mental development, social, spiritual and cultural development. Early childhood is the most important period in an individual’s life through the lasting consequences it has on his later development.
Recent research has demonstrated and argued how to address this age by insisting on appropriate childcare and education practices. The central idea is that each child is unique and his uniqueness is the starting point in all decisions made about him, with the primary purpose of helping him develop fully. Everything we know and think about, is reflected in everything we do for it. The closer we get to him we understand better, the more we learn about what we should do to help him grow and grow to his full potential.
In education there are no recipes, there is accumulated experience, ideas, theories based on new research, confirmed practices that have demonstrated in time the efficiency, values, principles, rules.The success of education is based on adapting the educational approach to the individual needs of each child.
Knowledge of child development and growth is absolutely necessary for understanding the physiology and pathology of the age. They are complementary processes.
Growth refers to specific physical changes and growth in size, while development is defined as increasing in complexity or changing from simple forms to more complex and more detailed forms.
It is a continuously ordered process in which the child acquires knowledge, acquires skills, develops appropriate, adaptable behaviors, self-defines himself and others. The hereditary and environmental factors, unique to each child, influence the rhythm and quality of child development – hence the significant differentiation of child development.
Early education is the first stage of formal education training and addresses children from birth to 8 years of age, providing specific conditions for full development, according to their individual and age evolution.
According to the Global Education for All (2007) monitoring, early education supports the survival, growth, development, and learning of children from birth to primary (formal, informal, non-formal) including health, nutrition, and hygiene, cognitive development, social, physical and emotional.
Early childhood education incorporates the idea that small ages are the basis of personality, and for the educational success of the child, it is necessary to train all agents with influences on the child, starting from the family, educational institutions to the community.
All changes that take place on the child’s development domains are based on its interaction with people, things around. A child who enjoys attention, care, patience, play, communication will show the desire and confidence to learn quickly, to develop their relational capabilities. Children are approached as subjects that use their evolving physical and intellectual capabilities to actively interact with and act on the environment. In this process they develop their cognitive capacities and increasingly complex behavioral patterns, the environment can break or stimulate the pace of development, but the stages under development are general, universal for child well being.
Children build mental structures that are born by internalizing actions with objects. Development and learning are constant, reciprocal between assimilation and adaptation. By assimilation correlates the object with the already existing scheme, by adapting it modifies the schema according to the object. Knowledge of the new activates the process of assimilation and accommodation, and understanding only occurs when these processes are in balance. The child strives to find an explanation for events and the world around him, and the adult has the task of creating opportunities for research and exploration, providing emotional support, security, and encouraging knowledge.
Early education has a positive effect on the child’s abilities:
• On his / her school career (higher grades, low repetition).
• The kids acquire positive attitude and motivation for the school activity.
• Improves the child’s intellectual ability in the short term, changes the
perception of others about the potential of the child.
Early education develops children’s social skills, independent of the background environment when the educational environment and interaction
adult-child promotes quality and inclusion.