Depression in Young Adults. How it Affects Them and What Can be Done?

Young people today, are more depressive than previous generations because the trigger factors in the current days are more varied and elevated, experts say. Depression in young adults in the UK is a problem that needs to be addressed also by the government.

The worst mental well being in the world is held by British millennial.

Youth depression statistics suggest that in the UK the levels of stress and anxiety in young people are one of the poorest in the world. In a survey where 20.000 young people between the ages 15-21 gave their answers based on which the British teenagers and young adults got the 19th place out of 20 participant countries. This survey also concludes that 54% of the millennials questioned said that among their top three causes of anxiety was money.

Depression has become the most common mental suffering at a community level. A study by the World Health Organization attested that depression affects about 121 million people across the globe. An estimated 3-15% of the general population is estimated to have a depressive episode, of which 0.4-5% are severe depressive episodes. In Europe, out of 1000 adults, 58 have a major depressive disorder (ie 33.4 million people). All these worrying figures have made depression at this time one of the most studied psychiatric conditions.

Causes of depression could not be fully elucidated, despite the efforts made. The current unanimous vision of research and clinics requires a bio-psycho-social model in which depression contributes both biochemical disturbances in the brain as well as psychological (social) or social causes (daily stress, negative life events, hostility to the environment, etc.). In almost a quarter of cases, the first depressive episode occurs as a reaction to a negative life event. Afterward, the episodes can be repeated without apparent cause.

Some drugs can also induce depressive phenomena: anti-hypertensives, oral contraceptives and hormones, stimulants or suppressors of appetite, analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs, antibacterial and anti-mycotics.

Nearly a quarter of young adults have a major depressive episode up to the age of 24, this population group being more exposed than any other at risk of triggering depression. Depression set up during this critical period of life can have far-reaching negative consequences in the short term – including the deterioration of interpersonal relationships, poor sociology-professional functioning and the risk of addiction or consumption of psychoactive substances but also long-term harm to the whole neuropsychological development.

Young people today face the effect of increased rates of divorce, with the almost desperate attempt at being at the height of consumer demand – clothes, smartphones, everything that is now appreciated.

Studies on the parents of depressed young people show that they were fixed on children’s performances, giving them little affection, many critics, and high goals. Comparing themselves with each other, children develop dysfunctional attitudes: “If they are not as good as the others, it means they are incapable,” the removal of children by parents when they have low school performance and expressing their dissatisfaction with children, their dysfunctional attitudes: “If I have a failure, I will fail in all.” The basis for children’s negative events is the initial experiences of socializing within the family.

Depression is manifested differently in women and men, in young and older adults. In order for the problem to be recognized and treated, there is a need for awareness of the differences.

Studies (Ryan et al in The Clinical Picture of Major Depression in Children and Adolescents) show that in adolescence the melancholic form of depression and suicide attempts have a higher incidence than before puberty. There is a predominance of negative self-deductions due to physical traits that they consider unattractive, not accepting their own person, risking their school outcomes to be weak and the risk of deviant behaviors occurring: delicacy, exaggerated sexual manifestations, substance abuse. Studies indicate the predominant symptoms in adolescence are sluggish sleep, hypersomnia, and hallucinations, especially hearing. Adolescents become more irritable, may lose interest in the activities they enjoy before, show a change in weight.

Among the factors that trigger teen depression are more explosion of technology and exorbitant concepts, combined with less time the parent gives to the child, lack of movement and healthy activities, monotony, etc.

All this inevitably leads to stress, anorexia, bizarre behavior, drug and alcohol consumption and obviously depression, and the number of suicides among young people has grown alarmingly, and the number of those who intend to take actions to combat the phenomenon does not cover real needs. Also, lack of a stable and healthy family environment, lack of direct communication (not through indirect means – Facebook, etc.), poor coverage of basic needs – healthy eating, movement, even small clothing that gives us little joy , lack or weak emotional expression – through gestures of close relatives, inevitably lead to dissatisfaction and accumulate frustrations that, if not manifested or consciousness, turn into physical, behavioral and emotional instability symptoms.

In 2008 Children’s Society stated that 10% of children and young people between ages 5-16 have a clinically diagnosable mental health problem, yet 70% of children adolescents who experience mental health don’t get treatment from an early age. It is also important to note that by age 24, 75% of mental health problems are already established, where 50% of these problems are established by the age of 14.

Depression awareness is the first step in the healing process and it requires the help of a specialist, sometimes even of medical treatment. It is very important to motivate, to be supportive, positive, present, available and open for the persons suffering from this disorder. It is very important to know that depression heals, improves, treats.

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